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Organic Cotton



Organic Cotton

Cotton is all around us — often right next to our skin in the form of our clothing, towels and bedding. Many people find it comforting to know that the cotton in the items they wear and use everyday is organic — but what exactly does that mean?

The general definition for the term organic cotton is: cotton fibers grown in fields that have been certified as not having been treated with inorganic chemicals or pesticides for at least three years. Any item that is described as being made from organic cotton has passed a formal certification process by an independent certifying body.

Organic cotton is grown from untreated, non-GMO (genetically modified organism) seeds. Rather than relying on chemical fertilizers to encourage growth, farmers of organic cotton utilize crop rotation. Manual or organic methods of pest and weed elimination replace inorganic chemical pesticides and herbicides. Beneficial insects and trap crops (plants that lure insects away from other crops) may also be used as pest deterrents. Finally, defoliation, or the removal of leaves from the plant before harvest, is achieved naturally, rather than chemically.

Because organically grown cotton is not treated with inorganic insecticides or herbicides, it doesn't contribute to the presence of these chemicals in our environment — or in the textiles created from it.